Website hosting is an online service that offers a space to upload and publish your website and webpages onto the Internet. A website hosting service provider, or web host, is a business that offers the space, technologies, and services needed to store all of a website's data and files on the Internet. This website data and files are stored and hosted on special networked devices known as servers. This allows users to search for your website and view web pages online. All the websites you view online are hosted on a server.
The amount of space a website has on a server depends on the type of hosting. Websites can share a single server with multiple websites or have a dedicated server.
The 4 best types of hosting are:
Shared hosting: It is the most basic and cost-effective hosting for small and entry businesses where websites share resources and technologies with other websites on a single server. The service gets significantly cheaper for the web host by splitting up the resources.
Virtual private server (VPS) hosting: Websites switch to VPS hosting when they outgrow their shared plan. Though you still share resources on a single server with other websites, the number of websites you share them with is lower.
Dedicated hosting: As the name suggests, dedicated hosting gives you full root and admin access over a web server. You have a dedicated server that entirely belongs to you. Since you are not sharing resources with other websites, your website will load faster and have an extremely high uptime rate. However, this is the most expensive type of web hosting as it gives you complete technical control over the server settings.
Cloud hosting: It’s a hybrid version of VPS. When people say “cloud,” they usually refer to distributed virtual private networks. Instead of having a virtual server hosted on a single computer, it is stored on a network of multiple computers. This network of computers is called the “cloud.”
Since a virtual server is hosted on multiple computers, there’s hardly any unexpected downtime due to server issues as there are other servers to take over the responsibilities if one of the servers is compromised.